The Falls of the Elderly ︳ Shi Ming fell and fell into a coma, Fan Weiqi’s father fell and died, dismembering the elderly 5 ways to prevent falls

As the weather turns colder, the elderly become sluggish and may be at risk of falling. Among them, it was revealed yesterday (5th) that Hong Kong’s senior artist, Shi Ming, had accidentally fallen and injured his head, and that he is currently staying in the intensive care unit. The 70-year-old father of Taiwanese artist Fan Weiqi also collapsed and died on Sunday (4th). A registered dietitian after being interviewed by Sky Post pointed out that in order to prevent falls, the elderly should not only exercise regularly, but also take more than 4 types of nutrients in their diet to avoid losing muscles. He also reminded that if the elderly have the habit of deliberately “less meat and more vegetables” in their diet, they may also be predisposed to fall easily.

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Shi Ming needs brain surgery

Shi Ming, who celebrated her 71st birthday yesterday (5th), was open to the news that she is currently staying in the hospital’s intensive care unit. It is said that she accidentally fell and landed on her head at home last Friday (2nd). ) Brain surgery; but after the operation, he is still in a coma.

Shi Ming’s eldest son, Li Yongan, said in a telephone interview with “Sky Post” yesterday: “I’m sorry, I want to give Mommy some space, it’s always his privacy.” Give it up in a hurry.

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In addition to Shi Ming, after seeing her mother-in-law last month, Taiwanese artist Fan Weiqi, her 70-year-old father suffered an intracranial hemorrhage due to a fall on Sunday morning, and was sent to the hospital for emergency treatment . and he died. Fan Weiqi’s agency responded that Fan’s father has been affected by Parkinson’s disease in recent years, his physical condition is not as good as before, and he is relatively weak. Right now, Fan Weiqi and her husband, black, are mainly dealing with Fan’s father’s funeral, and thank the outside world for their concern.

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Department of Health: The elderly are one of the most common groups that fall

In terms of falls, injuries, and even death, the Hong Kong Department of Health interviewed more than 14,000 people between September 2018 and July 2019 to understand their injury experiences in the year before the interview, and found that falls are the most common unintentional injuries. for 39.4% of all injury incidents.

Among them, the elderly are one of the most common fall-prone groups, with 61.8% of fall injuries being elderly people aged 65 to 74, and 88.6% being elderly people aged 75 or over . The survey also found that those with long-term functional disabilities had a 10.2% higher rate of falls than those without disabilities, among people aged 65 and over.

According to the research cited by the Department, the risk of falling in the elderly with a lack of nutrition is as high as 45% compared to those with balanced nutrition. Therefore, the elderly should follow the guidelines of the ” Healthy Food Pyramid”, eating in proportion. , and reduce the intake of oil, salt and sugar; Sufficient protein, calcium and vitamin D to maintain muscle mass and bone health.

According to the department, exercise can also reduce the rate of falls in the elderly by 21%. Among them, balance exercises and exercise for more than 3 hours a week are particularly effective. Therefore, the elderly should be 65 years old or n older organize 3 or more days a week to do a variety of moderate or intense physical exercise that trains balance and strength, such as tai chi and dancing; people with chronic illnesses can consult their doctors about appropriate exercises.

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Nutritionist: Intentionally “less meat and more vegetables” can cause muscle loss

Tang Aixin, a registered dietitian in Shangyingfang, once interviewed by “Sky Post” pointed out that the elderly lost 1.7% of their muscle mass if they missed their physical activity for 2 days, and lost 5.5 % of their muscle mass if they lost their muscle mass. physical activity for 5 days. Muscle loss will be accelerated significantly during old age, causing mobility inconvenience and increasing the risk of falls and fractures.

He explained that the elderly need to eat more protein than the average adult, and they should eat 1 to 1.5 grams of high quality protein per kilogram per day according to their body weight; animal-based protein can provide a more comprehensive amino acid combination. than plant-based protein, which is easily absorbed and converted into muscle. However, if some elderly people deliberately “less meat and more vegetables”, the body may lack “raw materials” to synthesize muscle protein, resulting in muscle loss.

At the same time, the recommendation of the International Osteoporosis Foundation cited that people over the age of 70 should consume 800 IU of vitamin D per day, including exposure to sunlight and food intake, such as salmon, sardines, egg yolks, milk, and to her; every 100 grams of salmon Willow contains 500 IU of vitamin D to prevent weakening of muscle strength and osteoporosis.

In addition, Tang Aixin noted that calcium can maintain the function of the heart, muscles and nerves. According to the Department of Health’s recommendation, adults aged 50 or over should consume 1,000 to 1,300 mg of calcium each day, such as eating 1 to 2 portions of milk or alternatives, and calcium-rich foods such as tofu, soy products, dark green Vegetables such as cabbage core, kale, okra, seafood with bones and shells. However, he reminded that some elderly people have the habit of taking calcium tablets, and some calcium tablets have added extra vitamin D. The dose can be as high as 10,000 IU, more than the recommended intake, or cause other health problems.

In addition, vitamin B12 can help the body produce red blood cells and maintain the normal functioning of the central nervous system. Over 50s should take about 2.4 micrograms of B12 per day, but with age, gastric acid secretion decreases, leading to to and poor ability to absorb B12. The elderly can eat foods rich in B12 supplements such as liver, scallops, oysters, mackerel, beef, milk, etc.

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Written by: Wu Zifeng