At 18:00 on December 27, local time, the Joint Committee on the Comprehensive Agreement on Iran’s Nuclear Issue held the eighth round of negotiations in Vienna. Deputy Secretary-General Mora of the European Union’s External Action Agency presided over the meeting. Representatives of China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and Iran attended the meeting. . Iranian Foreign Minister Abdullahhiyan said in an interview with local media that there will be a joint document accepted by all parties at the Vienna negotiating table that day. Starting on the 27th, all relevant parties will use this new joint document. Negotiations based on documents. Abdullahhiyan said that the issues of “guarantee” and “verification” were one of the themes of the 27th negotiations. For Iran, the most important issue is to protect Iran’s oil exports, and the money for oil sales should be remitted to Iran in foreign exchange. In the bank account, all sectors of Iran can enjoy economic results.
The Central News Agency reported that the Iranian Foreign Minister stated that in the resumption of nuclear talks in Vienna, Austria, Tehran’s focus was on the verifiable process of lifting all sanctions imposed by the United States to ensure that Iran’s oil export capabilities would not be hindered. Iran’s state-run media reported that the nuclear talks between Tehran and Western powers aimed to restore the nuclear agreement reached between the two parties in 2015, which is a joint comprehensive plan of action.
Iranian media quoted Foreign Minister Abdullahhiyan as saying: “The most important thing for us is to achieve one point, first of all, that Iranian oil can be sold smoothly without being hindered.”
“The (sale) of oil proceeds will be deposited in Iranian banks in foreign currency, so that we can enjoy the economic benefits set out in the joint comprehensive plan of action.”
In 2018, the then-U.S. President Trump announced his withdrawal from the nuclear agreement reached in 2015 and re-imposed strict economic sanctions on Iran. A year later, the Tehran authorities not only resumed, but also accelerated the enrichment of uranium. The extraction of enriched uranium is a potential road to nuclear weapons.
Iran’s main source of income is oil exports, but it has shrunk significantly under the influence of US sanctions. Tehran has not released data on the decline in oil exports, but based on assessments from shipping and other information sources, Iranian oil exports have fallen from about 2.8 million barrels per day in 2018 to a low of 200,000 barrels per day. A survey estimated that Iran’s June oil exports were about 600,000 barrels per day.
Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesman Khatibzad said on the 27th that Tehran will not accept any deadlines. A source close to the Iranian team told Reuters that the delegation will stay in Vienna as long as it needs to be.
Iran’s long-time enemy Israel stated that the important challenge of the talks is to “prevent Iran from possessing nuclear weapons.” Israeli Foreign Minister Rapide told the Congress’ Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee in Jerusalem on the 26th: “Israel does not oppose any agreement. A good agreement will be good. What we oppose is the inability to truly monitor Iran’s nuclear program, Iran’s funding trends, and Agreement on Iran’s terrorist network.”
An opinion piece in the French newspaper Le Figaro expressed doubts about Israel’s capabilities. The newspaper said that Israel was very nervous about the Iranian nuclear issue, but was unable to take decisive measures against Tehran. The Le Figaro reported that Iran has carefully dispersed its nuclear bases in mountainous areas more than 1,000 kilometers away from Israel, hidden in air-raid shelters protected by countless tons of cement. At the same time, Iran is also equipped with surface-to-surface missiles to protect it. These facilities. Without the help of the United States, where does Israel have the military capability to eradicate these nuclear facilities in Iran? Figaro reported an example. In order to bomb, Israeli bombers needed tankers to fly far. However, no matter how pressure is exerted by Israel, the United States will not even give two Boeing KC46 tankers.
Since April this year, the Joint Committee on the Comprehensive Agreement on the Iranian Nuclear Issue has held seven rounds of talks in Vienna, the capital of Austria, to discuss how the United States and Iran will resume compliance, but they have never reached an agreement. In July 2015, Iran reached a comprehensive agreement on the Iranian nuclear issue with the United States, Britain, France, Russia, China and Germany. The US government unilaterally withdrew from the Iran nuclear agreement in May 2018 and resumed sanctions on Iran. In May 2019, Iran gradually suspended the implementation of certain provisions of the Iran nuclear agreement.