Squid is a popular seafood known for its delicious taste and versatility in cooking. One type of squid that is often used for sushi is the patterned squid, also known as lip pattern squid or lip pattern cuttlefish. It has a white and thick flesh, making it perfect for raw fish dishes. This squid species can be found in waters such as Jeju Island and the East Korea Sea, along with other species of squid.
The patterned squid is abundant in Jeju Island and the eastern South Sea, and it is typically caught from July to November, with the fall being the most delicious time. It is a large squid with a body length of up to 38 cm and a weight of up to 5 kg. One way to distinguish it from other species is by the lip marks on its belly and the patterns on its dorsal surface.
In Jindo, it is called Cheonjungeo, and in Jeju Island, it is called Squid. This squid is often used in sushi due to its soft and chewy flesh. Its flesh is white and thick, making it highly valued. It is considered more expensive than cuttlefish and is known for its meatiness in the fall.
Squid is not only delicious but also nutritious. It is a high protein food, similar to other fish, and is considered a stamina food. It is rich in taurine, which is known to help in recovering from fatigue and increasing stamina. Squid contains 2 to 3 times more taurine than other fish and 25 to 66 times more than meat. Taurine also helps in preventing cardiovascular diseases.
Although squid is often enjoyed as a snack or with beer, it is actually a treasure trove of nutrients. It is low in calories, making it suitable for those who are dieting. However, it is low in vitamin A and high in purine, so it’s best to consume it with vitamin A-rich foods and to moderate its consumption if you have gout or high blood pressure.
Squid can be eaten raw or boiled. When boiled, it has a unique chewy texture. It contains cholesterol but also a large amount of taurine, which prevents an increase in blood cholesterol levels. So, there is no need to worry about squid’s impact on cholesterol.
Besides being a great source of protein, squid also contains other beneficial nutrients. It is rich in taurine, betaine, and glycine betaine. Taurine helps with fatigue recovery and maintaining cardiovascular health. Betaine provides an umami taste and glycine betaine acts as an antioxidant.
Squid ink, known as illexin mucopolysaccharides, has anti-cancer and tumor suppressing effects. It also has antiviral properties and helps improve immune metabolism. Squid bones have been used in oriental medicine to neutralize stomach acid, prevent stomach pain, and treat hemostasis. Squid is also known to have benefits for brain health, weight management, anemia, and women’s health.
In conclusion, squid is not only a tasty seafood but also a nutritious one. It is rich in protein, taurine, and other beneficial nutrients. Whether enjoyed raw or cooked, it provides various health benefits and can be a valuable addition to a balanced diet.
The patterned squid, which is often used for sushi because of its white and thick flesh, is called lip pattern squid, Cheonjoongeo, etc. Image = National Institute of Fisheries Science
Tis the season for the thrilling taste of squid. Squid is famous for being able to enjoy the taste of catching it by fishing.
Spotted squid, also known as white squid, is a warm water squid that is abundant in Jeju Island and the eastern South Sea. It can be caught in abundance from July to November, and the fall is the most delicious time.
It is a large squid with a body length of up to 38 cm and a weight of up to 5 kg. It has an oval body and lip marks on its belly, which makes it easy to distinguish from other species.
Patterns similar to lip traces are scattered on the dorsal surface, so they are also known as lip-pattern squid or lip-pattern cuttlefish. In Jindo, it is called Cheonjungeo, and in Jeju Island, it is called Squid.
Patterned squid has soft and chewy flesh and is popular as a raw fish. It is mainly used in sushi. This is because the flesh is white and thick.
The patterned squid, said to be more expensive than cuttlefish, is meaty in the fall and has a hard body.
Squid and cuttlefish look similar at first glance, with thick and wide bodies, and their fins are not diamond shaped but wrapped around the body, making them look similar.
Bones separate the two. Squids do not have bones in their bodies, but knife fish do have bones (carapace).
Squid is rich in taste and nutrition and is considered a national snack loved by people of all ages. Squid is a high protein food and is also considered a stamina food, as it is written in Donguibogam that it strengthens blood and boosts energy.
The main ingredient of squid is protein. The protein content is similar to the standard protein content of fish, so it is a food that allows you to eat a lot of protein at a relatively low price.
Although squid does not receive much attention for its nutritional value as it is eaten when one is bored or as a snack with beer, squid is a treasure trove of taurine.
According to the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, squid contains 2 to 3 times more taurine than other fish and 25 to 66 times more than meat, showing excellent effects in recovering from fatigue and increasing stamina. Rich in taurine, it also helps prevent cardiovascular disease.
Dried squid contains 97 to 333 times more taurine than fresh squid, and the white powder on the surface of the shell that is peeled off or washed off is a functional ingredient such as taurine, glutamic acid, and betaine. You can get more taurine by eating it unpeeled or shaken.
Squid is good as a high protein stamina food for men, and as a beauty food for women as it helps expel toxins from the body. In particular, squid is low in calories, so it is good to eat it when dieting.
However, despite its many benefits, squid is low in vitamin A, so it’s best eaten with foods rich in vitamin A. It’s high in purine, so it needs to be moderated if you’ n suffer from gout or if you have high blood pressure. acid levels.
Squid can be eaten raw, but if you boil it a little, you can enjoy its unique chewy texture.
-Is squid high in cholesterol?
Cholesterol is not necessarily bad, but it is essential for maintaining the normal structure and function of cells and brain development. It is a major component of bile, which digests lipids, and synthesizes sex hormones, so it an essential ingredient for our body.
The Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries said, “Squid contains a lot of cholesterol. It contains a large amount of taurine, which prevents the increase in blood cholesterol in the body, so there is no need to worry about an increase in cholesterol in the body .”
Data = National standard food ingredients table
▲ Nutrients and effectiveness
Squid is a high protein food. According to the National Institute of Fisheries Science, squid fillet contains 72 kcal per 100 g, 15.7% protein, and 0.3% fat (30% saturated fatty acids, 70% unsaturated fatty acids).
If you look at the national standard food composition table (per 100g), squid (raw) contains 18.84g of protein, which is more than beef and Korean beef (sirloin) at 15.71g.
Squid is rich in high quality protein and 327 mg of taurine, which acts to break down cholesterol in the blood. According to the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, it is 2 to 3 times more than other fish and 25 to 66 times more than meat.
In particular, squid is rich in betaine, an umami ingredient, giving it a refreshing sweet taste. According to the National Institute of Fisheries Science’s seafood ingredient list, it contains 773.9 mg of glycine betaine.
Various information states that it is rich in selenium and has antioxidant properties, but if you look at the national standard food ingredient list, it does not contain selenium.
-Recover fatigue and improve stamina
Squid is rich in taurine and acts as a ‘natural fatigue reliever’. Taurine is a type of amino acid that is included in energy drinks, it is good for recovering from fatigue and is effective in increasing stamina.
-Helps with hypertension, arteriosclerosis, and myocardial infarction
Taurine is essential for maintaining cardiovascular function. It is effective in preventing arteriosclerosis, angina, and myocardial infarction by inhibiting the production of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and increasing the amount of high-density non-protein (HDL) cholesterol, which breaks down cholesterol in the blood.
By reducing cholesterol levels, it prevents the increase in blood pressure and is effective in treating high blood pressure, heart failure, and arrhythmia, thereby contributing to heart health.
– Better liver function
Taurine, which promotes bile secretion and has a detoxifying effect, helps relieve hangovers caused by excessive drinking. It has the effect of reducing the burden on the liver, improving liver function and preventing various liver diseases.
Squids can change their body color in a few seconds, as if waving, squids can change their color to suit their environment by contracting and relaxing muscle fibers connected to pigment cells. Changing body color is one of the squid’s defense mechanisms when trying to escape from danger. If this method does not work, the squid will spit ink as a last resort. Photo = Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries
– Improves anti-cancer/immunity
Illexin mucopolysaccharides, contained in squid ink, have anticancer and tumor suppressing effects. In addition, a substance called Rizotim, which has a preservative effect, is effective in antiviral action and improving immune metabolism. It neutralizes food poisoning or bacteria when bacteria and viruses enter the body. It is particularly effective when it penetrates the teeth.
-Hemostasis, neutralization of stomach acid
The bones piled up in the mantle on the back of the cuttlefish neutralize stomach acid and prevent stomach pain, and have a hemostatic effect, so they have been used to treat hemostasis in oriental medicine since ancient times . Ink has also been used as a remedy to relieve blood stasis, a condition where blood stagnates in one place.
Squid contains healthy unsaturated fatty acids such as DHA and EPA, which are good for growing children and help prevent adult diseases and dementia.
-Effect of diet
Squid has no carbohydrates, is low in calories, and is high in protein, making it good for dieting. The caloric content of meaty squid is 72 kcal, and the caloric content of an average squid is 94 kcal.
– Helps with anemia and women’s health
In Donguibogam, it is recorded that “if you eat squid regularly, you will have children,” and it is said to treat anemia, menstrual irregularities, and bleeding. According to domestic research, amino acids contained in squid improve cardiovascular diseases caused by estrogen hormone deficiency after menopause.
It contains 4.37ug of vitamin B12, which replenishes blood, and is effective for anemia, amenorrhea, and menopausal disorders that accompany menopause in women.
▲ Method of care
Squid should be red-brown or milky white in color with an elastic and shiny body. Remove the intestines carefully so as not to burst them, and then remove the remaining cartilage in the torso.
Scrape or remove the suckers and suckers with a knife and lift the skin while holding a dry towel The skin can be held in your hand and peeled off easily. You can also peel the squid by grabbing its ears and pulling it down.
When storing, wrap it in plastic wrap, put it in a bag, and put it in the freezer.
Simple and easy to make squid spaghetti. Photo = Ministry of Coastal Fisheries
▲ Food that goes well with squid
Squid does not contain vitamin A, so it is better to eat it with foods that can supplement the lack of vitamin A. In particular, vitamin A is fat soluble and dissolves well in oil, so it is useful eat it by frying it in oil and foods compatible with it.
Green peppers, carrots, cabbage, broccoli and tomatoes are rich in vitamin A.
Squid is an acidic food containing more phosphorus than calcium, so it is neutralized when added with alkaline green pepper and celery.
Peanuts, which are rich in unsaturated fatty acids, are useful to fill the vegetable fat that the squid lacks.
On the other hand, dried vegetables are foods that do not go well together. Squid is a food that is difficult to digest because of its hard texture, and dried vegetables are also high in fiber, so eating them together can easily cause gastrointestinal problems.
▲ Squid dish
Squid can be enjoyed in a variety of ways, including stir-fry, soup, fried, seasoned, boiled, raw and stewed. Squid sundae is also popular.
Squid spaghetti is a simple and delicious dish to enjoy.
All you need to prepare is spaghetti noodles, tomato sauce, and squid.
While the spaghetti noodles are boiling, fry the squid in a frying pan using butter, and when the squid is almost cooked, pour in the tomato sauce. Finish by mixing the boiled noodles with the sauce.
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