The risk of cardiovascular disease after the onset of diabetes… ‘This’ reduces by 46%

A study found that starting to smoke and exercise at the same time after the onset of diabetes reduced the risk of cardiovascular diseases, such as myocardial infarction and stroke, by up to 46%.

blood sugar check. Getty Images Bank

The research team, led by Professor Hyuk-sang Kwon and Mi-kyung Kim from the Department of Endocrinology at the Catholic University of Korea Yeouido St. Mary’s Hospital, 181,591 patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes between 2009 and 2012 received national health. audit within 2 years using the National Health Insurance Corporation database for 6.07 years As a result of follow-up, it was found that

The research team analyzed whether there was a difference in myocardial infarction, stroke, and mortality according to exercise and smoking at the time of diabetes diagnosis and within 2 years of diagnosis. Exercise depends on whether you do moderate exercise for at least 30 minutes 5 times a week or more, such as brisk walking, tennis, or cycling, and 3 times or more a week for 20 minutes or more, such as running, climbing, fast cycling or aerobics, △Continuous non-exercise group △New exercise The group was divided into 4 groups: △Exercise cessation group, △Continuous exercise group, and △Non-smokers, △New smokers, △Smokers, and △Continuing smokers.

As a result, they found that the risk of myocardial infarction by 15%, stroke by 14%, and death in the group who had just started exercising after a diagnosis of diabetes was reduced by 15%, compared to the non-exercise group. physical exercise, from 16. %. The group that started smoking cessation along with exercise had a lower risk of myocardial infarction and stroke. After diagnosis, stopping smoking and exercising reduced the risk of cardiovascular disease by 46% and mortality by 22% in the group who started smoking and exercising at the same time, compared to the continuous smokers and the non-exercising groups.


Professor Kwon Hyuk-sang said, “Although exercise is known as the backbone of diabetes treatment, this large-scale epidemiological study is meaningful as exercise and smoking cessation are the main factors that prevents cardiovascular disease and lower mortality.”

The results of this study were published in the latest edition of the international academic journal Scientific Reports.

Reporter Jeong Jin-soo jen@segye.com

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