Title: Lobules: The Versatile Medicinal Herb with Various Health Benefits
Subtitle: An In-depth Exploration of the Diverse Uses and Effectiveness of Lobules
By Dongha Han, Doctor of Oriental Medicine
Director, Dongha Han Oriental Medicine Clinic
Lobules, a variant of perilla in the genus Lamiaceae, are a group of medicinal herbs that closely resemble perilla leaves in appearance, taste, and smell. They offer numerous health benefits and come in various types. One well-known type is the ‘Soyeop’ or perilla leaf (Perilla frutescens var. acuta), which is characterized by its purple color and is commonly referred to as ‘紫蘇’ in the market. Another type is the wrinkled leaflet (Perilla frutescens var. crispa), known as ‘chamsoyeop,’ which is often consumed as a vegetable for ssam.
Lobules, such as perilla lobes and cypress lobes, possess valuable medicinal properties. The Chinese character ‘蘇’ in ‘So’ (蘇) stands for perilla (紫蘇), and it is indeed ubiquitous, making it beneficial due to its purple front and back surfaces. Another interesting variety is the Perilla frutescens for Makino viridis, which exhibits blue coloration on the front side and purple on the back. While it resembles a perilla leaf, only the back surface is purple. In Japan, leaves with blue coloration on both sides, similar to cleansing leaves, are known as ‘shiso’ or Japanese sesame leaves. These leaves have smooth edges and no wrinkles.
The name ‘蘇葉’ (lobules) is said to derive from the belief that the herb possesses the power to revitalize and harmonize the body’s qi and blood circulation. ‘蘇’ (So) represents ‘revive’ or ‘rest.’ Lobules are known for their spicy taste, warm nature, and lack of toxicity. Historically, lobules have been used to treat energy-related ailments and colds. According to records, lobular leaves have the ability to regulate qi and disperse accumulated energy, making them effective in the treatment of various cold symptoms.
Furthermore, lobules have been utilized as a natural remedy for beriberi (vitamin B1 deficiency). They are rich in calcium and vitamin B1, surpassing other vegetables in their nutritional content. Lobules are also a great source of beta-carotene, which promotes eye health. Moreover, they possess properties similar to sesame leaves and can be used to prevent food poisoning, displaying a unique ability to neutralize fish or crab poisons. Lobules can be consumed raw or added to various dishes such as gimbap and soups, as they provide a pleasant aroma and have a good shelf life.
Soyeob’s (Perilla) seeds, known as Soja (蘇子), are also used in traditional medicine. Similarly spicy and warm in nature, these seeds are even more potent than the lobules themselves. Soja has a wide range of effects, including the activation of gastrointestinal function, improvement of memory and prevention of dementia, anti-allergy and anti-inflammatory properties, ability to reduce fever and perspiration, promotion of fat burning, and facilitation of fish digestion.
When it comes to memory and hiccups, Soja has shown significant benefits. It is known to lower qi and alleviate upper respiratory discomfort. For the treatment of hiccups, Soja can be prepared by grinding the seeds with water and adding non-glutinous rice to make porridge. Additionally, it is effective in dispelling cold from the body’s core, alleviating discomfort caused by humidity and wind, and treating limb numbness, muscle soreness, and beriberi associated with cold and damp conditions. Soja is also commonly used to treat hoarseness, acting as a cough suppressant, and clearing phlegm.
Throughout history, lobules have been widely recognized and employed in traditional medicine. Flavonoids and triterpene compounds present in lobules have been found to possess numerous medicinal effects, including the activation of gastrointestinal function, prevention of dementia, memory enhancement, anti-allergy and anti-inflammatory properties, reduction of perspiration, improvement of body fat metabolism, and facilitation of fish digestion. Moreover, the presence of perylaldehyde, a fragrant substance found in lobules, has shown antidepressant actions.
It is worth noting that lobules are not suitable for individuals with yin or blood deficiencies. They are not recommended for dryness-related symptoms, such as dry mouth, sudden hot fever, or menopausal symptoms. Understanding the characteristics and uses of lobules enables us to fully appreciate their health benefits. By incorporating lobules into our diet and daily routine, we can harness their effectiveness to a greater extent than their counterpart, sesame leaves.
In conclusion, lobules offer a wide array of health benefits and medicinal properties. From activating gastrointestinal function to preventing dementia, improving memory, alleviating allergy symptoms, reducing inflammation, and aiding in fat metabolism, lobules have much to offer. Their effectiveness extends even to treating fish and crab poisonings and providing relief for hoarseness and hiccups. Whether consumed in their leaf or seed form, lobules are a versatile and valuable addition to our diet and well-being.
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Dongha Han, Doctor of Oriental Medicine (Director, Dongha Han Oriental Medicine Clinic)
There are many plants (medicinal herbs) that look similar to perilla leaves. Because they look alike, they taste and smell the same. One of them is ‘Soyeop (Perilla)’. Today, we will look at the effectiveness of lobules.
Lobular is a variant of perilla in the genus Lamiaceae and perilla. Perilla (P. frutescens) and lobules are in perilla. There are also many types of lobules themselves. First of all, if you say soyeop (蘇葉), it is called perilla leaf (紫蘇葉, Perilla frutescens var. acuta), which is a purple sesame leaf. It is also commonly referred to as 紫蘇. It is a species called so-yeop dog in the market.
On the other hand, there are also wrinkled leaflets (Perilla frutescense var. crispa) with irregular wrinkles on the leaves. It is called chamsoyeop and is also eaten as a vegetable for ssam. The leaves are large and the edges are irregular in shape. Perilla lobes (field lobes) and cypress lobes (champion lobes) are medicinal. <본초강목>In it, ‘So (蘇) is perilla (紫蘇). It’s everywhere, and it’s good that the front and the back are purple.”
There is also Perilla frutescens for Makino viridis. The front side of the leaf is blue, but the back side is purple. The shape of the leaf is similar to a perilla leaf, but only the back side is purple. The species that are blue on the front and back are also known as cleansing leaves, especially Japanese sesame leaves, so they are called ‘shiso (Aoshiso)’ in Japan. There are no wrinkles on the leaves and the edges are irregularly rough.
The meaning of the name 蘇葉 <본초강목>It is said that ‘so (蘇) is so called because the nature of the cow (蘇) is spread to activate the qi and harmonize the blood’. The character So (蘇) has the meaning ‘to revive’ or ‘to rest’. Lobules can be interpreted as herbal leaves that refresh and comfort the body.
The lobules are spicy in taste, warm in nature, and are not poisonous. Soyeol belongs to the medicine for cavalry and pyobyeong. Lobules have been used for energy related ailments and colds.
Lobular leaves lower the qi and release the accumulated energy. <본초강목>It was said to ‘reduce the energy and cure all kinds of colds’. <동의보감>In the section ‘Heal the window of the stomach (脹滿) and stop the gwakran (霍亂). It also lowers the dam in the chest,’ he said. lobes It relieves a stuffy stomach and chest. It is also good for getting rid of stagnation. When your heart is stuffed and your energy is reminded It goes very well with tangerine skin.
Lobules make you sweat in the cold. <본초강목>, said to ‘relax the skin to sweat, disperse wind chill, clear phlegm, and benefit the lungs’. Lobules are good for cold symptoms, and if you eat them when you want to get rid of a fever, you sweat and clear your fever.
Lobules are good for beriberi. <동의보감>In ‘Cure beriberi (脚气). Drink the water in which the leaves have been uncovered as tea. Also, grind 2 nyang of soybean seeds, extract the juice, add anglutinous rice, green onion, soy sauce, cheoncho, and ginger, and make porridge.’ It is good to use lobules and lobules, which are beriberi seeds, together.
Beriberi is a disease of the lower extremities caused by vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency. Because lobes and elements are rich in vitamin B1, they are useful for beriberi. The content of calcium and vitamin B1 in collard greens is better than that of other vegetables. Lobules are rich in beta-carotene, which is good for eye health.
Lobules are also good for food poisoning. <본초강목>In the book, it is said that ‘Gwakran (霍亂, food poisoning) prevents muscle spasms and opens the stomach to let food down’. Usually, sesame leaves are known to prevent food poisoning, but lobules have similar effects to sesame leaves. If you put the slices in gimbap or soup, they smell good and don’t go bad easily.
Lobules dissolve fish poison, especially crab poison. <본초강목>It was said to ‘remove fish or crab poison’. also <동의보감>‘The leaves can be eaten raw, and all kinds of fish[魚]or meat[肉]It’s good to boil soup with,’ he said. Instead of lobules, you can drink the water boiled with the seeds, Soja (蘇子). In the past, lobes or lobes were peeled and eaten for indigestion, indigestion, abdominal pain, and hives that appeared after eating fish or crabs.
The seeds of Soyeob, Soja (蘇子) are also used as medicine. Soja is spicy in taste and warm in nature and has no poison. Its effectiveness is similar to lozenges, but its medicinal properties are stronger. <본초강목>In ‘ The element has the same effectiveness as the leaf. It is appropriate to use leaves to disperse the wind, and it is appropriate to use seeds to purify and communicate the upper and lower parts.”
Lobules have various effects such as ▲ activating gastrointestinal function ▲ preventing dementia and strengthening memory ▲ anti-allergy ▲ anti-inflammatory ▲ antiperspirant fever ▲ improving body fat ▲ improving fish digestion (Photo = Clip Art Korea).
Soja is good for memory and hiccups. <본초강목>It is said to be good for lowering the qi and lowering the upper qi and lowering the qi and cold. ‘When you hiccup, put water in the device and grind the juice, put nonglutinous rice in it and make porridge,’ he said. Haeyeok (咳逆) means hiccups. At this time, it also goes well with tangerine skin.
Soja is Remove cold from the center down. <본초강목>‘Takes away the cold and warms the inside. He said it removes the cold air and the accumulated energy from the waist and legs due to humidity and wind. <동의보감>It is said to ‘treat numbness in the limbs, sore muscles and bones, and beriberi caused by wind, cold and dampness’. element in common It is also useful for joint and muscle diseases.
Soja is It is good for all nuclear eras. <동의보감>It is said that it “prevents coughing, moistens the heart and lungs, and clears the phlegm.” Hoarseness is a symptom in which a person feels as if something is stuck in the throat, which cannot be swallowed even when swallowed, and cannot be spit out even after spitting out. In fact, there may be inflammation, and it is a symptom of phlegm sticking, but it can be a simple foreign body sensation. Among the representative prescriptions for treating maehaekgi, is Sojaganggi-tang (蘇子降气湯). Here, Soja enters as a military medicine.
Lobular is a widely used medicinal plant. Flavonoids and triterpene compounds contained in leaflets It has been found to be effective in activating gastrointestinal function, preventing dementia and improving memory, anti-allergy, anti-inflammatory, anti-sweat, improving body fat, and improving fish digestion. In addition, the fragrant substance called perylaldehyde from lobules shows antidepressant action. This ingredient is a common ingredient in plants belonging to the Lamiaceae family (sesame leaf, banga leaf, rosemary, etc.).
However, the lobules are not used for yin deficiency or blood deficiency. <본초정화>In , it was said ‘as it is only a quantitative reserve, it cannot be given to symptoms caused by the disease in general due to yin deficiency’. For example, it can be seen that it is not suitable for dryness such as dry mouth, sudden hot fever, and menopausal symptoms.
There is a saying that you see as much as you know. If I was ignored until now because I didn’t know, I’ll never be able to get past now that I know. If sesame leaves were food, soyeop (perilla) was medicine. Let’s put the lobules to good use in the future. You will get the effectiveness that you have not been able to get from sesame leaves. From now on, soyeopdo is worth enjoying as food as medicine.
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