Home Health This winter, the Department of Disease Control Warn people to prevent 4 communicable diseases and 1 health hazard

This winter, the Department of Disease Control Warn people to prevent 4 communicable diseases and 1 health hazard

by news dir

Thursday, October 28, 2021, 6:00 a.m.

Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health issued a warning to people to prevent disease and health hazards during the winter this year Emphasis on taking care of your health and protecting yourself from 4 communicable diseases and 1 major health hazard. Along with ordering the departments under the jurisdiction to continuously monitor the situation of the disease together with the local agencies in order to prevent and control the spread of the disease. and reduce the morbidity and mortality of the people as much as possible

Dr. Opas Karn Kawinpong Director-General of the Department of Disease Control said that according to the Meteorological Department forecast that in late October Thailand will enter the winter. During 17-18 Oct. 2021, the cold air mass began to descend in the North and the Upper Northeast. The Department of Disease Control is concerned about the health of the people during the winter. which the cold weather may cause the body to adjust in time risk of getting sick easily Therefore, the Department of Disease Control was issued Regarding the prevention of disease and health hazards occurring in the winter of 2021 in Thailand, divided into 4 groups as follows: 1. Respiratory tract diseases (influenza Pneumonia) 2. Gastrointestinal and water-borne diseases (diarrhea) 3. Other major infectious diseases in winter (measles) 4. Health hazards (cold-related deaths)

Group 1: Respiratory tract diseases such as influenza, which can be transmitted by coughing, sneezing, or touching contaminated objects. If infected you will have fever, dry cough, headache, muscle aches, sepsis and pneumonia. It is caused by certain types of bacterial, viral and fungal infections in the lung air sacs from breathing or exposure to droplets from mucus. Contaminated saliva will have symptoms of fever, cough, shortness of breath. The symptoms are usually acute. and found in all age groups But the symptoms are severe in people who are immunocompromised and have underlying medical conditions. Both diseases can be prevented by staying healthy. Wash your hands often with water and soap or alcohol gel Do not share personal belongings with others. and wear a cloth mask or hygienic mask every time when going out This method can also prevent the spread of COVID-19.

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Group 2 Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and water include diarrhea. caused by eating food or unclean water is contaminated with pathogens There will be more than 3 or more diarrheas in 1 day, may also be accompanied by fever or vomiting. which can be prevented by taking care of hygiene Drink clean water and eat clean, well-cooked food.

Group 3 Other important communicable diseases During the winter, measles is caused by breathing in airborne droplets contaminated with the virus from coughing. the patient’s sneeze or talk in close range If sick, the symptoms are similar to the common cold. but will have a high fever, red and watery eyes, and a convex rash. There is currently no specific treatment. But there is a vaccine that can prevent it. by having to inject the first dose at 9-12 months of age, the second dose at the age of 1 and a half years, group 4, health risks, deaths related to cold weather for unknown reasons Most are due to acute heart failure. as there is not enough clothing or winter clothing in cold areas. and has a history of drinking alcohol regularly Therefore, prepare enough winter clothing. and refrain from drinking alcohol as well as taking care of the body to be strong Exercise and eat a healthy diet.

Dr. Opas He added that the Department of Disease Control has issued a warning notice to be careful of disease and health hazards to agencies in the area, including the 12 Disease Prevention and Control Offices and the Urban Disease Prevention and Control Institute. to work with relevant agencies in the area and prepare missions to take care of the people, namely: 1. Surveillance and monitor the situation of disease in the area. 2. Disease control in the event of an outbreak of communicable disease with a Rapid Investigation Surveillance Team (SRRT) to investigate, control and prevent the spread of disease in the area; For more information, please contact the Department of Disease Control hotline at 1422.

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