This 2 October, Brazil is about to write a new history. Barring a surprise, Workers’ Party leader Lula da Silva will become Brazil’s 39th president. Opinion polls show that Lula is well ahead of the current president and the extreme right Jair Bolsonaro. With only a week left for the first round of voting, political observers believe that Lula will overtake Bolsonaro with 31 to 47 percent of the vote. If no candidate gets more than 50 percent of the votes in the first stage, another election will be held on October 30.
Lula promises to take Brazil to new heights by governing without corruption if he becomes president. Bolsonaro is challenging democracy. Lula also convinces the voters that Bolsonaro’s bad policies are responsible for the great economic crisis the country is facing today. Lula, who was president between 2003 and 2011, is a leftist leader who lifted millions of Brazilians out of poverty. During his presidency, Lula’s reforms reduced inequality and ensured economic growth in Brazil. But Lula’s main rival, Bolsonaro, is a staunch admirer of the dictator and military dictator Alberto Fujimori of Peru and Augusto Pinochet of Chile. He campaigns by appealing to his followers to rally behind the government’s right-wing agenda. Brazil believes that corruption is the hallmark of Bolsonaro’s government. The three sons’ focus is on money laundering and fake news.
In 2018, Lula was caught in a fake case when he was expected to become president with 53 percent of the people’s support. Lula was accused of taking an apartment from a car wash company in the city of Sao Paulo as a bribe. The practice of imprisoning left-wing leaders for crimes that do not exist anywhere in the world has been repeated here. A case was filed against Lula without any evidence. However, Judge Sergio Moro sentenced him to nine years in prison. As a reward for this, Bolsonaro made this judge Minister of Justice. The aim was to ban Lula from contesting the presidential election. Lula was released following the Supreme Court’s observation that a person should only be imprisoned after all avenues of appeal have been exhausted. After 580 days in prison, Lula emerged from the building in Curitiba, the police headquarters in southern Brazil, where he was met by a sea of people chanting ‘Free Lula’. Since Lula’s imprisonment, his followers have not left the prison site. In an emotional speech, Lula told the Brazilian people that he was saying goodbye to prison with a message of love, untouched by hatred. “The government tried to eliminate not a person, but an idea. The situation in Brazil is not getting better, it is getting worse. Hunger and unemployment increased.’ Lula addressed the tens of thousands of supporters who gathered to receive him.
This year’s election comes at a time when the Brazilian people and the international community are discussing the injustice of Lula’s imprisonment for 19 months. Out of a population of 21.59 crore, 15.64 crore voters will go to the polling booth this time. Out of that 8.23 crore are women voters. The law states that everyone who has reached the age of 16 has the right to vote, and everyone who has reached the age of 18 must exercise their right to vote.
Brazil is the largest country in Latin America and the fifth largest country in the world. Brazil is about half the size of the South American continent. Brazil shares borders with Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Brazil is the most populous country in Latin America. The biggest feature of the Brazilian landscape is the Amazon rainforest. The Amazon rainforest accounts for almost half of all rainforests on Earth. The Atlantic Ocean stretches for 7367 km in the eastern part of Brazil. Brazil is also the largest Catholic country in the world.
Brazilians are the only people in Latin America who speak Portuguese. The reason for this is the long-standing Portuguese colonial rule. The name Brazil was given to the country by the European invasion, which brought the Brazil tree that grew in abundance in the Amazon river basin. Brazil is also known as the ‘Coffee Bowl of the World’ as it produces the most coffee. Brazil was discovered on April 22, 1500 by a Portuguese sailor named Pedro Alvarez Cabral.
The President is the head of the nation and the government. Brazil has 26 states and one federal district. The term of government is four years. The Senedd is a bicameral assembly called the National Congress. The Federal Senate with 81 seats is the upper house and the Chamber of Deputies with 513 seats is the lower house. Modern Brazilian culture is full of diversity. The festive richness of Brazilian culture is evident in language, literature, music, festivals and food. Samba is Brazilian music with roots in African traditions. Spread among the hungry, this rhythmic music is as popular in Latin America as it is in Africa.
Brazil’s real addiction is soccer. Brazil is known throughout the world as a football country. Thousands of Brazilians play professional football in many parts of the world. On any street in Brazil you can see children rolling the ball. When Brazil plays in the World Cup, the country literally shakes. Workers stop work and get drunk. These are the half-starved people who played football on the street and later emerged as the best players in the world. The story is the same not only for Pela but also for Ronaldo, Ronaldinho and Romario.
The global financial crisis had a negative impact on the Brazilian economy. During his presidency of Brazil from 2003 to 2010, Lula’s public welfare activities led to the country’s progress. The Bolsonaro that followed is the epitome of corruption and dictatorship. However, Lula da Silva is confident that the power of the people will destroy the stronghold of corruption in the upcoming elections. The people of the world are waiting for the new awakening of Brazil under the leadership of Lula, just as the phoenix rose from the ashes in the legend of Egypt.
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