Department of Medicine by the Institute of Chest Diseases Caution: The toxins in cigarettes cause many serious diseases and are a major factor in the development of angina. Suggest to change the lifestyle of living far away from the disease
Today (31 May), Dr. Somsak Akasil, Director-General of the Department of Medical Services It was revealed that cigarette smoke is a product of burning substances, nicotine and alkaloids, and that many types of tobacco smoke can cause cardiovascular disease. Cigarette smoke also contains high concentrations of oxidants that damage the vascular walls. This causes inflammation, leading to atherosclerosis and stimulation of platelets and thrombosis. The carbon monoxide (CO) gas in cigarette smoke binds tightly to hemoglobin. And has the effect of reducing the ability to carry and release oxygen of red blood cells, causing hypoxia in the blood. Resulting in more ischemic effect Some smokers respond by developing intense erythema. (polycythemia) increases the viscosity of the blood. And lead to blood clotting easily (hypercoagulable state)
Nowadays, free radicals are believed to be a major contributor to the hardening of arterial walls resulting from smoking. Syndrome of hardened arterial walls Which has many symptoms such as Chronic angina Acute myocardial ischemia Sudden death and stroke It also causes leg pain from peripheral arteries. Abdominal aortic aneurysm and sexual dysfunction
In addition, the tar It is also a lung carcinogen. Emphysema Chronic bronchitis Nitrogen dioxide destroys the peripheral bronchial lining and the alveoli. Cause emphysema Hydrogen cyanite Causing a cough with chronic phlegm and vascular inflammation It can be seen that there are many toxic substances in cigarettes.
Anek Kanoksin, MD, director of the Chest Institute of the Medical Department, said that smoking causes many diseases. It is also one of the major factors that can lead to coronary artery disease. Because the toxins in cigarette smoke cause changes in blood vessels throughout the body. There are many common abnormalities in the vascular membranes. There was inflammation of the vascular wall and lipid changes, there was an increase in the level. Clearly bad cholesterol (LDL) and triglyceride levels. But there will be a reduction of good cholesterol (HDL) resulting in The walls of the arteries degenerate and the walls of the arteries are hardened accordingly. It also stimulates the platelet function, causing blood clots. Which is a major contributing factor to acute myocarditis and sudden death.
Coronary artery disease Caused by deterioration of the wall of the coronary artery (coronary) resulting in more and more plaque on the inner wall of the arteries. Will cause the arteries to gradually narrow down Causing the blood to flow to the heart muscle is inconvenient and Reduced blood flow to the heart and insufficient nourishment of the heart muscle that can cause “Myocardial ischemia” patients often experience angina pain when exercising and get better after rest or with a vasodilator. Which are characterized by chronic symptoms
In addition, in some patients it may be accompanied by sudden, severe, acute chest pain caused by rupture of the inner wall of the blood vessels, causing atherosclerosis, causing an acute myocardial infarction if left or unconscious. slow And without timely treatment, it can be life threatening and some deaths suddenly from serious ventricular arrhythmias.
It is best to protect yourself from this disease. Is to quit smoking, which can reduce the incidence of disease and reduce mortality. Lifestyle changes are as follows: 1. Adjust eating habits to suit. Choose healthy foods. Focus on eating more fruits and vegetables. Including reducing foods that are sweet, very salty. 2. Regular exercise for about 30 minutes per day 3. Get enough sleep 4. Avoid stress 5. Stop smoking and abstain from all kinds of alcoholic beverages 6. Check your health at least. Once a year also, if you find that you have the symptoms mentioned above. To rush to the hospital for a doctor to make a diagnosis And been properly maintained
If you wish to quit smoking Chest Disease Institute, Department of Medical Services, Ministry of Public Health Has opened a smoking cessation clinic Every Monday – Friday from 8:00 AM to 4:00 PM, with a quitting smoking counseling service. From specialized medical personnel And medical professionals There is also a drug abstinence service. Every Monday from 8:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. If you have any questions, you can ask for details at Tel. 02-5470999 ext. 30927.