The number of Western Nile virus infection cases in Europe has increased in 2018, with increased blame temperatures. The highest number of cases were registered in Serbia, which is disclosed by the World Health Organization (WHO). EURACTIV reports in Serbia.
By mid-August, 401 cases of West Nile fever were registered in European countries, and 22 deaths were recorded, according to the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).
ECDC data show that the highest number of cases were reported in Serbia (126), followed by Italy (123), Greece (75), Hungary (39), Romania (31), France (3), Croatia (2) and Kosovo (2).
Eight deaths were recorded which could be linked to West Nile fever in EU member states – four in Greece, three in Italy and one in Romania.
But the number of cases in Serbia is even greater, as the most recent data presented by the Institute of Public Health shows that up to 21 August, 159 cases of West Nile fever were recorded in Serbia, with 15 possible deaths. to connect to the fever.
Infected cases were reported throughout Serbia, and most of them were in the capital of Belgrade (78).
Earlier this month, mosquitoes were tested in the territory around Belgrade and 47 locations were found with mosquitoes carrying the West Nile viruses.
From 2012 to 2017, 574 West Nile fever cases were registered in Serbia, including 61 deaths that can be linked to the disease.
There is a noticeable increase in the number of people infected with the West Nile virus in Europe mainly as a result of the earlier start of the infection season.
The season usually lasts from July to October, and the first cases are often registered in the second half of July with the highest number seen in August.
However, this year's season, with high temperatures and high rain marked it, and dry weather followed, began to fit the life cycle of mosquitoes, earlier than ever.
West Nile fever is a virus infection transmitted by an infected mosquito bite. Even as many as 80% of people who have an infected mosquito do not even have any signs of infection, others have flu-like symptoms and come back mainly easily.
Less than 1% of the infected people suffer serious symptoms, according to the WHO, and 4-14% of patients develop a neuroinvasive form of death.
Since the first Nile fever in Europe was first described in the 1950s, many epidemics have been reported in the region.
In 1996-97 the worst fever epidemic in Europe arose in Europe in 1996-97, according to the WHO.
According to the Serbian public health institution data, in the 2017 surveillance season, 288 cases of West Nile fever were reported in the European human population, but in EU member states, the disease was registered among animals, in particular 127 horses.