What is the difference between Covid-19 from a “dangerous communicable disease” to an “infectious disease”?

Effective October 1, 2022, the Government Gazette announced the cancellation.COVID-19“of being”dangerous infectious disease“Level down to”Communicable diseases to watch out for“Do you know? What is the difference between these two levels of infectious diseases? both in terms of the law Situation reporting, alarm and prevention

Previously, on August 8, 2022, the National Communicable Diseases Committee (KorKorKor.) had a meeting to discuss. and consider agreeing to adjust the “Covid-19” level from “dangerous communicable disease” to “communicable diseases that must be monitored” in line with the current disease situation. Most recently, yesterday, September 20, 65, the above criteria were already published in the Government Gazette. It comes into effect on October 1, 65.

When the covid epidemic is downgraded to an infectious disease only to watch for After this, all relevant departments must adjust their work according to this announcement, but first Bangkok online business invites you to understand the prelude between dangerous communicable diseases and communicable diseases that need to be monitored There are differences that people should know in many dimensions as follows:

Related news:

1. “Dangerous communicable diseases” versus “communicable diseases that require monitoring” have different meanings.

  • dangerous infectious disease mean

highly contagious disease And can spread quickly to others: plague, smallpox, Crimean-Congo dengue, West Nile fever, yellow fever, Lassa fever, Nipah virus infection, Mar Burg virus infection, Ebola virus infection, Hendra virus infection , SARS, MERS disease, severe multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. (Part of COVID-19 Recently announced to be removed from dangerous communicable disease, effective October 1, 65)

  • Communicable diseases to watch out for mean

Communicable diseases that need to be monitored, audited and store data analyzed as well as reporting and continuous monitoring of the spread of the disease with a systematic process for the benefit of disease control Currently, there are a total of 55 diseases. Read more list of diseases >> Communicable Diseases Act BE 2558

2. Time to report suspected situations/patients Change from every 3 hours to every day or up to 7 days

  • dangerous infectious disease :

the Department of Disease Control must be reported immediately. (The patient suspects or has reason to suspect) no later than 3 hours The contact (closed contact) must be in quarantine. or control to observe symptoms according to the incubation period of the disease And there will be an announcement of an “infectious zone” outside the Kingdom by the Minister of Public Health. guilty of memory and fine (Penalty of not more than 20,000 baht)

  • Communicable diseases to watch out for :

Must report to provincial public health office. By reporting once a week, all hospitals and laboratories, public and private, are required to report the situation/patients suspected of being infected. There are no restrictive or limiting measures to observe the connections. Failure to report in accordance with the duty will be an offense punishable by a fine of 20,000 baht.

3. The procedure for reporting incidents A “dangerous communicable disease” is different from the case. “Infectious diseases that must be monitored”

  • dangerous infectious disease :

Host / Home carer / Doctor performing medical treatment / Owner or operator of the establishment / Personnel in a medical facility / Performing an autopsy If a suspected patient is found there is a duty to notify the communicable disease control officer under the central disease control department or disease control officers in the that area Must be notified as quickly as possible within 3 hours of the date of discovery of the person who has contracted COVID-19. or there is reason to suspect that it is

In the case of people who notify disease control officers in the area (Not notified directly to the centre) The Communicable Disease Control Officer must be notified by telephone. under the Central Department for Disease Control within 24 hours

  • Communicable diseases to watch out for :

Hospital personnel/autopsy person If a suspected patient is found duty to notify the communicable disease control officer under the Public Health Office Under the Department of Health, Bangkok within 7 days from the date of finding a person with COVID-19 or reason to suspect it can be reported through a variety of channels, including:

  • notify the communicable disease control officer directly
  • notify by telephone
  • notify by fax
  • notify in writing
  • notify by email
  • notify by other means prescribed in addition by the Director General of the Department of Disease Control

4. Surveillance, warning and prevention When Covid-19 is “an infectious disease that requires monitoring”

Sophon Iamsirithavrn Deputy Director General, Department of Disease Control providing information that When COVID-19 is downgraded to “infectious disease that requires surveillance”, surveillance and warnings are used like flu or dengue fever. A weekly report on the situation should be enough.

The number of patients who should be in the area during that time, within a week, will be processed. When the calculated value is exceeded, the situation is known to be abnormal. It will go into the process of notifying the public immediately. and announced additional measures to deal with such abnormal situations.

disease prevention department focusing on the method of vaccination against COVID-19 From now on, this vaccine will become an annual vaccine. like the flu They may consider allocating them for free to high risk groups (Group 608) with severe symptoms. or groups considered to be particularly necessary.

5. Recommendations to the people When Covid-19 is “an infectious disease that requires monitoring”

In terms of the people’s practice, Dr Sophon recommends that people behave like preventing the flu. If you know where there is a risk, you must avoid that place. Or if you are sick with COVID, you need to take care of yourself to reduce the risk of spreading the infection to others.

They should always assess their own risks, for example if they are sick with COVID but have been vaccinated. know that they should not have serious symptoms If you are sick with COVID and have not been vaccinated You must know that there is a risk of serious symptoms need to see a doctor as soon as possible, etc.

In this respect, admission to medical services Patients can continue to receive free services as usual. according to the hospital in which they are entitled (gold patent civil servant welfare rights and social security rights) is a similar system modification to receive other medical treatments.

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