What is the difference between osteopenia and osteoporosis? – comedy.com

Identified by measuring bone density, prevented by diet and exercise

[사진 = 게티이미지뱅크]

Bone density gradually decreases after the age of 30. In the case of women, 8 out of 10 women over the age of 50 have osteopenia and osteoporosis due to the decline in female hormones and aging after menopause.

Many people know that osteopenia and osteoporosis are the same disease. Osteopenia and osteoporosis are conditions where bone density has decreased compared to normal, but osteopenia can be said to be a precursor to osteoporosis. Bone density tests can predict fracture risk and diagnose osteopenia and osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis can be cured by eating foods rich in calcium and exercise such as walking, but osteoporosis is a disease that must be managed with medication.

◆ Osteopenia

Osteopenia refers to a condition where bone density is lower than normal, and can progress to osteoporosis in the future, so it is expressed as a pre-osteoporosis stage. The T score is a standardized score that compares the measured BMD to the average of healthy young adults. Osteopenia is generally defined as a T score below -1.0 and above -2.5.

◆ Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a condition where bones become weak and can break easily. Bone strength is determined by bone size and quality, and bone size can be measured through bone density tests. Osteoporosis is generally diagnosed when the T score is less than -2.5. If you are diagnosed with osteoporosis, you can reduce the risk of fracture by taking calcium and vitamin D, taking osteoporosis medications, or taking injections.

◆ Prevention

You should refrain from drinking too much and maintain your bone mass by doing a lot of aerobic exercise, stretching, and running instead. Avoid salty foods to prevent calcium loss along with salt. It is good to get enough sunlight for about 15 minutes twice a week to synthesize enough vitamin D needed for bones.

Professor Shin Jeong-ho of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Korea University’s Guro Hospital said, “To prevent osteoporosis, you need to take in enough nutrients and get enough sunlight to synthesize vitamin D.”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.