The most commonly used treatment for arthritis is steroids. It is used in various forms such as oral medicine, ointment for application, or injection. However, despite its universal use, there are many concerns about the side effects of steroids. This information was explained in detail by Dr. Joseph Mercola, a senior researcher at the American College of Nutrition.
1. Bone Damage
The case described in a 2019 article by American medical journalist James Hamblin warns of the major side effects of steroid injections.
A woman with hip pain after childbirth was prescribed steroid injections to relieve the pain, and six months later, she became unable to walk at all.
The entire femoral head was completely gone. Exactly how the connection is linked is unknown, but experts believe that steroid injections may have caused bone loss.
In fact, another study found that people who took high doses of steroids suddenly over a short period of time had a higher risk of breaking their bones.
2. Joint deterioration
As a result of a study of 450 patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee, it was reported that 8% of patients who were prescribed corticosteroid injections for arthritis worsened their arthritis.
In particular, most of these patients had osteoarthritis in the hip joint rather than the knee. It can be seen that the above side effects are particularly vulnerable to the hip joint.
3. Long-Term Use Side Effects
The risks of long-term steroid use have been well documented.
Long-term steroid use can lead to a number of side effects and diseases, including back pain, allergies, respiratory infections, systemic vascular inflammation, muscle inflammation, and gout.
Because steroid administration to the body disrupts the natural hormonal balance, there is a high risk of many side effects, and once a side effect occurs, it is difficult to reverse it.
In addition, long-term use may cause withdrawal symptoms, which may make it more dangerous. Typical withdrawal symptoms include fatigue, loss of appetite, joint pain, vomiting, weight loss, hypotension and hypoglycemia, dehydration, and headache.